Summary:First of all, please understand these three concepts: plain weave, twill weave, and satin.
Plain weave: A fabric woven w...
First of all, please understand these three concepts: plain weave, twill weave, and satin.
Plain weave: A fabric woven with a plain weave is called a plain weave. That is, the warp and weft yarns are interlaced every other yarn (that is, the yarns are 1 up and 1 down). The characteristics of this kind of cloth are many interwoven points, firm texture, very scratching, smooth surface, high-grade embroidered fabrics are generally plain fabrics.
Twill: Warp and weft are interlaced at least every two yarns, i.e. 2 on 1 off or 3 on 1 off. By adding warp and weft interlacing points to change the fabric structure, collectively referred to as twill fabric. The characteristics of this kind of cloth are that it is relatively thick and has a strong three-dimensional sense of organization. There are 30, 40 and 60 counts.
Sateen: The warp and weft are interlaced at least every three yarns, so the satin weave makes the fabric denser, so the fabric is thicker. Satin weave products are more expensive than similar plain weave and twill weave products, and the cloth surface is smooth, delicate and shiny. Plain weave, twill weave, and satin are the three most basic interweaving methods of warp and weft. There is no specific good or bad here, each has its own characteristics. Among them, sateen is definitely the best in pure cotton fabrics.
Let's talk more about sateen in detail.
Satin should be distinguished from four concepts: satin, satin strips, satin plaid, and satin jacquard.
What kind of fabric is satin? In fact, through the introduction just now, you have understood that "plain weave, twill weave, and satin" are all fabrics, not specific fabrics.
The most common satin fabric is striped satin, or satin for short. The lines are extended horizontally (see picture). Using the first weaving and then dyeing process, this kind of fabric is generally solid color. No ball, not easy to fade.
There is also a kind of satin called satin, which is also a solid color and is plaid (see picture).
Satin strips and satin lattices are generally the raw materials for hotel bedding, which are cheap, luxurious and practical. Satin strips and satin lattices are also used to make home kits, but they are far less popular than satin jacquard fabrics.
Jacquard fabric: The pattern on the fabric is woven, not ordinary printing or embroidery. When the fabric is weaved, the warp and weft weave changes are used to form a pattern, the yarn count is fine, the needle thread density is high, and it is not deformed or faded when used, and it is comfortable. Jacquard is very popular in the market, and the satin bedding looks high-grade and tasteful. To distinguish the quality of sateen, it is necessary to compare the yarn count and density.
Satin also talks about yarn count. Let's talk about the count first, that is, what we often see are 30, 40, 60, etc.! For example, 30 sticks are also called 30S by friends, that is the same, there is no difference! So what exactly is a count? I understand it like this:
Count is the standard for the thickness of yarn. For example, one gram of cotton can be made into 30 yarns of 1 meter, which is 30 yarns, and one gram of cotton can be made into 40 yarns of 1 meter long, that is, 40 yarns; one gram of cotton can be made into 60 yarns A yarn with a length of 1 meter is 60 counts. In fact, the higher the yarn count, the finer the yarn. The thinner the fabric is woven with such yarn, the softer and more comfortable the fabric will be. However, high-count cloth requires high quality of raw materials (cotton), and also requires relatively high requirements for spinning mills and weaving mills, so the cost of cloth is relatively high. High yarn count cloth is not suitable for bedding because it is too thin!